The Internet of Vehicles is a network of vehicles that supports the use of data created by connected cars and vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs). The data that the IoV uses comes from different sources. For example, infotainment systems, sensors (external and internal), brakes, steering wheel, GPS, vehicle reports, and driver’s messages. Being part of the IoV allows vehicles to communicate in real time with their drivers, pedestrians, roadside infrastructure, IoT devices, and fleet management systems.
The main types of communication the IoV uses are:
- vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V),
- vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I),
- vehicle-to-pedestrian (V2P),
- vehicle-to-device (V2D),
- vehicle-to-cloud (V2C).
These communication types together are usually referred to as vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communication.