Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV)
Hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) is a vehicle that combines an internal combustion engine (ICE) system with an electric motor. HEVs still typically use fossil fuels to power the ICE but their fuel economy is better than that of internal combustion engine vehicles. This means that they consume less fuel to travel the same distance. The most common HEVs are hybrid electric cars, but there are also buses and trucks.
Hybrid electric vehicles are an effective step towards lowering fossil fuel consumption. The ICE used in HEVs can be smaller and, in most HEV designs, it works more often in its most efficient range of speed and power. In addition, HEVs use regenerative braking that converts kinetic energy into electric energy which is then stored in batteries and can be used to power the car.
During the time where plug-in pure electric cars still need some improvements to meet everyone’s needs, HEVs are a great alternative to ICEVs. They have better fuel economy while still enabling long trips without the need to charge the vehicle. Many car manufacturers offer a hybrid electric vehicle, but as of 2020, Toyota is leading global sales with more than 15 million hybrids sold.